常见鸟类,。不少朋友搜索鸟类到达本站,这里总结一下的鸟类种类。

以下资料来自维基百科英国鸟类列表,另外可以参考英国鸟类学会(British Ornithologists' Union,BOU) 提供的资料(英文,下载)。

[资料]英国鸟类大全

没有官方的国鸟,知更鸟 (欧亚歌鸲)是泰晤士报在60年代早期选出的英国国鸟。英国在世界动物地理分区上属于旧北区,与欧洲的鸟类生态相似。根据英国鸟类学会的统计纪录,英国有572种鸟类。

BOU使用以下分类:

A – 自1950年1月1日起在自然的环境下有确实证据至少有一次纪录。
B – 在1949年12月31日前在自然的环境下有确实证据至少有一次纪录,但没有后续的纪录。
C – 因人为或自然因素而被引入,并有固定稳定繁殖族群,不需要另外引入其他族群的种类。
英国官方鸟类名录由分类 A, B 和 C 组成。
注意一个种类可同时被分在多于一个的分类;例如加拿大雁,少部份为自然发生(A),另也有一部份为引入种(C)。
D – 可被归类为 A 或 B的种类,但纪录被怀疑没有确实证据仍需要检讨。
E – 因人为因素而被引入,但数量不足以维持固定稳定繁殖族群。
被归类为 D 和 E 的鸟类并不列入官方鸟类名录中 (也不列于此表)。

目录

1 雁形目 Anseriformes
2 鸡形目 Galliformes
3 潜鸟目 Gaviiformes
4 䴙䴘目 Podicipediformes
5 鹱形目 Procellariiformes
6 鹈形目 Pelecaniformes
7 鹳形目 Ciconiiformes
8 鹰形目 Accipitriformes
9 隼形目 Falconiformes
10 鹤形目 Gruiformes
11 鸻形目 Charadriiformes
12 沙鸡目 Pterocliformes
13 鸽形目 Columbiformes
14 鹦形目 Psittaciformes
15 鹃形目 Cuculiformes
16 鸮形目 Strigiformes
17 夜鹰目 Caprimulgiformes
18 雨燕目 Apodiformes
19 佛法僧目 Coraciiformes
20 䴕形目 Piciformes
21 雀形目 Passeriformes

雁形目 Anseriformes

雁鸭科 Anatidae

疣鼻天鹅 - Cygnus olor (w:Mute Swan) A & C
小天鹅 - Cygnus columbianus (w:Tundra Swan) A
大天鹅 - Cygnus cygnus (w:Whooper Swan) A
豆雁 - Anser fabalis (w:Bean Goose) A
粉脚雁 - Anser brachyrhynchus (w:Pink-footed Goose) A
白额雁 - Anser albifrons (w:White-fronted Goose) A
小白额雁 - Anser erythropus (w:Lesser White-fronted Goose) A
灰雁 - Anser anser (w:Greylag Goose) A & C
雪雁 - Anser caerulescens (w:Snow Goose) A ※大部份的纪录被认为是逸鸟
加拿大雁 - Branta canadensis (w:Canada Goose) A & C
白颊黑雁 - Branta leucopsis (w:Barnacle Goose) A
黑雁 - Branta bernicla (w:Brent Goose) A
红胸黑雁 - Branta ruficollis (w:Red-breasted Goose) A
埃及雁 - Alopochen aegyptiaca (w:Egyptian Goose) C
渎凫 - Tadorna ferruginea (w:Ruddy Shelduck) B & C ※很多纪录被认为是逸鸟
花凫 - Tadorna tadorna (w:Common Shelduck) A
鸳鸯 - Aix galericulata (w:Mandarin Duck) C
赤颈鸭 - Anas penelope (w:Wigeon) A
葡萄胸鸭 - Anas americana (w:American Wigeon) A
赤膀鸭 - Anas strepera (w:Gadwall) A & C
小水鸭 - Anas crecca (w:Common Teal) A
绿翅鸭 - Anas carolinensis (w:Green-winged Teal) A
绿头鸭 - Anas platyrhynchos (w:Mallard) A & C
绿嘴黑鸭 - Anas rubripes (w:American Black Duck) A
尖尾鸭 - Anas acuta (w:Northern Pintail) A
白眉鸭 - Anas querquedula (w:Garganey) A
蓝翅鸭 - Anas discors (w:Blue-winged Teal) A
琵嘴鸭 - Anas clypeata (w:Northern Shoveler) A
赤嘴潜鸭 - Netta rufina (w:Red-crested Pochard) A & C
红头潜鸭 - Aythya ferina (w:Pochard) A
美洲潜鸭 - Aythya americana (Redhead) A
帆背潜鸭 - Aythya valisineria (w:Canvasback) A
环颈潜鸭 - Aythya collaris (w:Ring-necked Duck) A
白眼潜鸭 - Aythya nyroca (w:Ferruginous Duck) A ※很多纪录被认为是逸鸟
凤头潜鸭 - Aythya fuligula (w:Tufted Duck) A
斑背潜鸭 - Aythya marila (w:Greater Scaup) A
小潜鸭 - Aythya affinis (w:Lesser Scaup) A
欧绒鸭 - Somateria mollissima (w:Common Eider) A
王绒鸭 - Somateria spectabilis (w:King Eider) A
小绒鸭 - Polysticta stelleri (w:Steller's Eider) A
丑鸭 - Histrionicus histrionicus (w:Harlequin Duck) A
长尾鸭 - Clangula hyemalis (w:Long-tailed Duck) A
黑海番鸭 - Melanitta nigra (w:Common Scoter) A
Melanitta americana (w:Black Scoter) A
斑头海番鸭 - Melanitta perspicillata (w:Surf Scoter) A
斑脸海番鸭 - Melanitta fusca (w:Velvet Scoter) A
巨头鹊鸭 - Bucephala albeola (w:Bufflehead) A ※大部份的纪录被认为是逸鸟
冰洲鹊鸭 - Bucephala islandica (w:Barrow's Goldeneye) A ※大部份的纪录被认为是逸鸟
鹊鸭 - Bucephala clangula (w:Common Goldeneye) A
白秋沙 - Mergellus albellus (w:Smew) A
红胸秋沙 - Mergus serrator (w:Red-breasted Merganser) A
川秋沙 - Mergus merganser (Goosander) A
棕硬尾鸭 - Oxyura jamaicensis (w:Ruddy Duck) C ※引入种,目前执行防治消灭计划中

鸡形目 Galliformes

松鸡科 Tetraonidae

柳雷鸟 - Lagopus lagopus scotica (w:Red Grouse) A
岩雷鸟 - Lagopus muta (w:Ptarmigan) A
黑琴鸡 - Tetrao tetrix (w:Eurasian Black Grouse) A
西方松鸡 - Tetrao urogallus (w:Capercaillie) B & C ※重新引入

雉科 Phasianidae

红脚石鸡 - Alectoris rufa (w:Red-legged Partridge) C
灰山鹑 - Perdix perdix (w:Grey Partridge) A & C
鹌鹑 - Coturnix coturnix (w:Common Quail) A
环颈雉 - Phasanius colchicus (w:Common Pheasant) C
红腹锦鸡 - Chrysolophus pictus (w:Golden Pheasant) C
白腹锦鸡 - Chrysolophus amherstiae (w:Lady Amherst's Pheasant) C

潜鸟目 Gaviiformes

潜鸟科 Gaviidae

红喉潜鸟 - Gavia stellata (w:Red-throated Diver) A
黑喉潜鸟 - Gavia arctica (w:Black-throated Diver) A
普通潜鸟 - Gavia immer (w:Great Northern Diver) A
白嘴潜鸟 - Gavia adamsii (w:White-billed Diver) A

䴙䴘目 Podicipediformes

䴙䴘科 Podicepidae

斑嘴巨鸊鷉 - Podilymbus podiceps (w:Pied-billed Grebe) A
小䴙鷉 - Tachybaptus ruficollis (w:Little Grebe) A
冠䴙鷉 - Podiceps cristatus (w:Great Crested Grebe) A
赤颈鸊鷉 - Podiceps grisegena (w:Red-necked Grebe) A
角䴙鷉 - Podiceps auritus (w:Slavonian Grebe) A
黑颈䴙鷉 - Podiceps nigricollis (w:Black-necked Grebe) A

鹱形目 Procellariiformes

信天翁科 Diomedeidae

黑眉信天翁 - Thalassarche melanophris (w:Black-browed Albatross) A

水薙鸟科 Procellariidae

暴雪鹱 - Fulmarus glacialis (w:Northern Fulmar) A
Pterodroma feae (w:Fea's Petrel) A
黑顶圆尾鹱 - Pterodroma hasitata (Capped Petrel) B
猛鹱 - Calonectis diomedea (w:Cory's Shearwater) A
大鹱 - Puffinus gravis (w:Great Shearwater) A
灰鹱 (灰水薙鸟) - Puffinus griseus (w:Sooty Shearwater) A
普通鹱 - Puffinus puffinus (w:Manx Shearwater) A
Puffinus mauretanicus (w:Balearic Shearwater) A
Puffinus baroli (w:North Atlantic Little Shearwater) A

海燕科 Hydrobatidae

黄蹼洋海燕 - Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Petrel) A
白脸海燕 - Pelagodroma marina (White-faced Petrel) B
暴风海燕 - Hydrobates pelagicus (Storm Petrel) A
白腰叉尾海燕 - Oceanodroma leucorhea (Leach's Petrel) A
黑叉尾海燕 - Oceanodroma monorhis (Swinhoe's Petrel) A
哈考氏叉尾海燕 - Oceanodroma castro (Madeiran Petrel) B

鹈形目 Pelecaniformes

鲣鸟科 Sulidae

憨鲣鸟 - Morus bassanus (Gannet) A

鸬鹚科 Phalacrocoracidae

普通鸬鹚 - Phalacrocorax carbo (Cormorant) A
双冠鸬鹚 - Phalacrocorax auritus (w:Double-crested Cormorant) A
长鼻鸬鹚 - Phalacrocorax aristotelis (w:Common Shag) A

军舰鸟科 Fregatidae

大军舰鸟 - Fregata aquila (w:Ascension Frigatebird) A

热带鸟科 Phaethontidae

红嘴热带鸟 - Phaeton aetherius (w:Red-billed Tropicbird) A

鹳形目 Ciconiiformes

鹭科 Ardeidae

大麻鹭 - Botaurus stellata (Bittern) A
美洲麻鹭 - Botaurus lentiginosa (w:American Bittern) A
小苇鹭 - Ixobrychus minutus (w:Little Bittern) A
夜鹭 - Nycticorax nycticorax (Night Heron) A
小绿鹭 - Butorides virescens (w:Green Heron) A
黄池鹭 - Ardeola ralloides (w:Squacco Heron) A
黄头鹭 - Bubulcus ibis (w:Cattle Egret) A
小白鹭 - Egretta garzetta (w:Little Egret) A
雪鹭 - Egretta thula (w:Snowy Egret) A
大白鹭 - Ardea alba (Great White Egret) A
苍鹭 - Ardea cinerea (w:Grey Heron) A
紫鹭 - Ardea purpurea (w:Purple Heron) A
鹳科 Ciconiidae
黑鹳 - Ciconia nigra (w:Black Stork) A
白鹳 - Ciconia ciconia (w:White Stork) A
朱鹭科 Threskiornithidae
彩鹮 - Plegadis falcinellus (w:Glossy Ibis) A
白琵鹭 - Platalea leucorodia (w:Common Spoonbill) A

鹰形目 Accipitriformes

鹗科 Pandionidae

鱼鹰 - Pandion haliaetus (w:Osprey) A

鹰科 Accipitridae

蜂鹰 - Pernis apivorus (w:European Honey Buzzard) A
黑鸢 - Milvus migrans (w:Black Kite) A
鸢 - Milvus milvus (w:Red Kite) A & C
白尾海雕 - Haliaeetus albicilla (w:White-tailed Eagle) A & C
白兀鹫 - Neophron percnopterus (w:Egyptian Vulture) B
短趾雕 - Circaetus gallicus (w:Short-toed Eagle) A
白头鹞 - Circus aeruginosus (w:Marsh Harrier) A
灰泽鵟 - Circus cyaneus (w:Hen Harrier) A
草原鹞 - Circus macrourus (w:Pallid Harrier) A
乌灰鹞 - Circus pygargus (w:Montagu's Harrier) A
苍鹰 - Accipiter gentilis (w:Goshawk) A & C
北雀鹰 - Accipiter nisus (w:Sparrowhawk) A
鵟 - Buteo buteo (w:Common Buzzard) A
毛足鵟 - Buteo lagopus (w:Rough-legged Buzzard) A
花雕 - Aquila clanga (w:Greater Spotted Eagle) B
金雕 - Aquila chrysaetos (w:Golden Eagle) A

隼形目 Falconiformes

隼科 Falconidae

黄爪隼 - Falco naumanni (w:Lesser Kestrel) A
红隼 - Falco tinnunculus (w:Common Kestrel) A
美洲隼 - Falco sparverius (w:American Kestrel) A
红脚隼 - Falco vespertinus (w:Red-footed Falcon) A
灰背隼 - Falco columbarius (Merlin) A
燕隼 - Falco subbuteo (w:Eurasian Hobby) A
埃莉氏隼 - Falco eleonorae (w:Eleonora's Falcon) A
矛隼 - Falco rusticolus (w:Gyr Falcon) A
游隼 - Falco peregrinus (w:Peregrine Falcon) A

鹤形目 Gruiformes

秧鸡科 Rallidae

秧鸡 - Rallus aquaticus (w:Water Rail) A
斑胸田鸡 - Porzana porzana (w:Spotted Crake) A
黑脸田鸡 - Porzana carolina (Sora) A
姬田鸡 - Porzana parva (w:Little Crake) A
小秧鸡 - Porzana pusilla (w:Baillon's Crake) A
长脚秧鸡 - Crex crex (w:Corn Crake) A
黑水鸡 - Gallinula chloropus (w:Common Moorhen) A
小青水鸡 - Porphyrio alleni (w:Allen's Gallinule) A
紫青水鸡 - Porphyrio martinica (w:American Purple Gallinule) A
白冠鸡 - Fulica atra (Coot) A
美洲瓣蹼鹬 - Fulica americana (w:American Coot) A

鹤科 Gruidae

灰鹤 - Grus grus (w:Common Crane) A
美洲鹤 - Grus americana (w:Sandhill Crane) A

鸨科 Otidae

小鸨 - Tetrax tetrax (w:Little Bustard) A
Chlamydotis macqueenii (w:Macqueen's Bustard) B
大鸨 - Otis tarda (w:Great Bustard) A

鸻形目 Charadriiformes

蛎鸻科 Haematopodidae

蛎鸻 - Haematopus ostralegus (w:Common Pied Oystercatcher) A

反嘴鸻科 Recurvirostridae

高跷鸻 - Himantopus himantopus (w:Black-winged Stilt) A
反嘴鸻 - Recurvirostra avosetta (Avocet) A

石鸻科 Burhinidae

石鸻 - Burhinus oedicnemus (Stone Curlew) A

燕鸻科 Glareolidae

乳色走鸻 - Cursorius cursor (w:Cream-coloured Courser) A
领燕鸻 - Glareola pratincola (w:Collared Pratincole) A
燕鸻 - Glareola maldivarum (w:Oriental Pratincole) A
黑翅燕鸻 - Glareola nordmanni (w:Black-winged Pratincole) A

鸻科 Charadriidae

小环颈鸻 - Charadrius dubius (w:Little Ringed Plover) A
环颈鸻 - Charadrius hiaticula (w:Ringed Plover) A
半蹼鸻 - Charadrius semipalmatus (w:Semipalmated Plover) A
双领鸻 - Charadrius vociferus (w:Killdeer) A
东方环颈鸻 - Charadrius alexandrinus (w:Kentish Plover) A
蒙古沙鸻 - Charadrius mongolus (w:Lesser Sand Plover) A
铁嘴沙鸻 - Charadrius leschenaultii (w:Greater Sand Plover) A
红胸鸻 - Charadrius asiaticus (w:Caspian Plover) A
小嘴鸻 - Charadrius morinellus (w:Eurasian Dotterel) A
金斑鸻 - Pluvialis dominica (w:American Golden Plover) A
太平洋金斑鸻 - Pluvialis fulva (w:Pacific Golden Plover) A
欧金斑鸻 - Pluvialis apricaria (Golden Plover) A
灰斑鸻 - Pluvialis squatarola (w:Grey Plover) A
长脚麦鸡 - Vanellus gregarius (w:Sociable Lapwing) A
白尾长脚麦鸡 - Vanellus leucurus (w:White-tailed Lapwing) A
小辫鸻 - Vanellus vanellus (Lapwing) A

鹬科 Scolopacidae

大滨鹬 - Calidris tenuirostris (w:Great Knot) A
红腹滨鹬 - Calidris canutus (w:Red Knot) A
三趾滨鹬 - Calidris alba (w:Sanderling) A
半蹼滨鹬 - Calidris pusilla (w:Semipalmated Sandpiper) A
西滨鹬 - Calidris mauri (w:Western Sandpiper) A
红胸滨鹬 - Calidris ruficollis (w:Red-necked Stint) A
小滨鹬 - Calidris minuta (w:Little Stint) A
丹氏滨鹬 - Calidris temminckii (w:Temminck's Stint) A
长趾滨鹬 - Calidris subminuta (w:Long-toed Stint) A
姬滨鹬 - Calidris minutilla (w:Least Sandpiper) A
白腰滨鹬 - Calidris fuscicollis (w:White-rumped Sandpiper) A
黑腰滨鹬 - Calidris bairdii (w:Baird's Sandpiper) A
美洲尖尾鹬 - Calidris melanotos (w:Pectoral Sandpiper) A
尖尾滨鹬 - Calidris acuminata (w:Sharp-tailed Sandpiper) A
弯嘴滨鹬 - Calidris ferruginea (w:Curlew Sandpiper) A
高跷鹬 - Calidris himantopus (w:Stilt Sandpiper) A
紫滨鹬 - Calidris maritima (w:Purple Sandpiper) A
黑腹滨鹬 - Calidris alpina (w:Dunlin) A
宽嘴鹬 - Limicola falcinellus (w:Broad-billed Sandpiper) A
黄胸鹬 - Tryngites subruficollis (w:Buff-breasted Sandpiper) A
流苏鹬 - Philomachus pugnax (w:Ruff) A
小鹬 - Lymnocryptes minimus (w:Jack Snipe) A
田鹬 - Gallinago gallinago (w:Common Snipe) A
中地鹬 - Gallinago media (w:Great Snipe) A
短嘴半蹼鹬 - Limnodromus griseus (w:Short-billed Dowitcher) A
长嘴半蹼鹬 - Limnodromus scolopaceus (w:Long-billed Dowitcher) A
山鹬 - Scolopax rusticola (Woodcock) A
黑尾鹬 - Limosa limosa (w:Black-tailed Godwit) A
棕塍鹬 - Limosa haemastica (w:Hudsonian Godwit) A
斑尾鹬 - Limosa lapponica (w:Bar-tailed Godwit) A
小杓鹬 - Numenius minutus (w:Little Curlew) A
极北杓鹬 - Numenius borealis (w:Eskimo Curlew) B ※灭绝
中杓鹬 - Numenius phaeopus (w:Whimbrel) A
细嘴杓鹬 - Numenius tenuirostris (w:Slender-billed Curlew) A
大杓鹬 - Numenius arquata (Curlew) A
高原鹬 - Bartramia longicauda (w:Upland Sandpiper) A
鹤鹬 - Tringa erythropus (w:Spotted Redshank) A
赤足鹬 - Tringa totanus (w:Common Redshank) A
小青足鹬 - Tringa stagnatilis (w:Marsh Sandpiper) A
青足鹬 - Tringa nebularia (w:Common Greenshank) A
大黄脚鹬 - Tringa melanoleuca (w:Greater Yellowlegs) A
小黄脚鹬 - Tringa flavipes (w:Lesser Yellowlegs) A
孤鹬 - Tringa solitaria (w:Solitary Sandpiper) A
白腰草鹬 - Tringa ochropus (w:Green Sandpiper) A
鹰斑鹬 - Tringa glareola (w:Wood Sandpiper) A
反嘴鹬 - Xenus cinereus (w:Terek Sandpiper) A
矶鹬 - Actitis hypoleucos (w:Common Sandpiper) A
斑鹬 - Actitis macularius (w:Spotted Sandpiper) A
黄足鹬 - Heterosceles brevipes (w:Grey-tailed Tattler) A
翻石鹬 - Arenaria interpres (Turnstone) A
赤斑瓣蹼鹬 - Phalaropus tricolor (w:Wilson's Phalarope) A
红领瓣足鹬 - Phalaropus lobatus (w:Red-necked Phalarope) A
灰瓣足鹬 - Phalaropus fulicaria (w:Grey Phalarope) A

贼鸥科 Stercorariidae

中贼鸥 - Stercorarius pomarinus (w:Pomarine Skua) A
贼鸥 - Stercorarius parasiticus (w:Arctic Skua) A
长尾贼鸥 - Stercorarius longicaudus (w:Long-tailed Skua) A
大贼鸥 - Stercorarius skua (w:Great Skua) A

鸥科 Laridae

渔鸥 - Larus ichthyaetus (w:Great Black-headed Gull) B
黑头鸥 - Larus melanocephalus (w:Mediterranean Gull) A
笑鸥 - Larus atricilla (w:Laughing Gull) A
弗朗氏鸥 - Larus pipixcan (w:Franklin's Gull) A
小鸥 - Larus minutus (w:Little Gull) A
叉尾鸥 - Larus sabini (w:Sabine's Gull) A
小黑头鸥 - Larus philadelphia (w:Bonaparte's Gull) A
红嘴鸥 - Larus ridibundus (w:Black-headed Gull) A
细嘴鸥 - Larus genei (w:Slender-billed Gull) A
地中海鸥 - Larus audouinii (w:Audouin's Gull) A
环嘴鸥 - Larus delawarensis (w:Ring-billed Gull) A
海鸥 - Larus canus (w:Common Gull) A
小黑背鸥 - Larus fuscus (w:Lesser Black-backed Gull) A
银鸥 - Larus argentatus (w:Herring Gull) A
冰洲鸥 - Larus glaucoides (w:Iceland Gull) A
北极鸥 - Larus hyperboreus (w:Glaucous Gull) A
大黑背鸥 - Larus marinus (w:Great Black-backed Gull) A
楔尾鸥 - Rhodostethia rosea (w:Ross's Gull) A
三趾鸥 - Rissa tridactyla (w:Kittiwake) A
象牙鸥 - Pagophila eburnea (w:Ivory Gull) A

燕鸥科 Sternidae

鸥嘴噪鸥 - Gelochelidon nilotica (w:Gull-billed Tern) A
红嘴巨鸥 - Hydroprogne caspia (w:Caspian Tern) A
王凤头燕鸥 - Sterna maximus (w:Royal Tern) A
小凤头燕鸥 - Sterna bengalensis (w:Lesser Crested Tern) A
白嘴端燕鸥 - Sterna sandvicensis (w:Sandwich Tern) A
丽色凤头燕鸥 - Sterna elegans (w:Elegant Tern) A
红燕鸥 - Sterna dougallii (w:Roseate Tern) A
燕鸥 - Sterna hirundo (w:Common Tern) A
北极燕鸥 - Sterna paradisaea (w:Arctic Tern) A
加拿大燕鸥 - Sterna forsteri (w:Forster's Tern) A
白腰燕鸥 - Onychoprion aleutica (w:Aleutian Tern) A
褐翅燕鸥 - Onychoprion anaethetus (w:Bridled Tern) A
乌燕鸥 - Onychoprion fuscata (w:Sooty Tern) A
小燕鸥 - Sternula albifrons (w:Little Tern) A
须浮鸥 - Chlidonias hybridus (w:Whiskered Tern) A
黑浮鸥 - Chlidonias niger (w:Black Tern) A
白翅浮鸥 - Chlidonias leucopterus (w:White-winged Tern) A

海雀科 Alcidae

普通海鸦 - Uria aalge (w:Common Guillemot) A
厚嘴海鸦 - Uria lomvia (w:Brunnich's Guillemot) A
刀嘴海雀 - Alca torda (w:Razorbill) A
大海雀 - Pinguinus impennis (w:Great Auk) B ※灭绝
黑海鸽 - Cepphus grylle (w:Black Guillemot) A
扁嘴海雀 - Synthliboramphus antiquus (w:Ancient Murrelet) A
小海雀 - Alle alle (w:Little Auk) A
北极海鹦 - Fratercula arctica (w:Atlantic Puffin) A

沙鸡目 Pterocliformes

沙鸡科 Pteroclidae

毛腿沙鸡 - Syrrhaptes paradoxus (w:Pallas's Sandgrouse) A

鸽形目 Columbiformes

鸠鸽科 Columbidae

原鸽 - Columba livia (Rock Pigeon or Feral Pigeon) A & C
欧鸽 - Columba oenas (Stock Pigeon) A
斑尾林鸽 - Columba palumbus (w:Wood Pigeon) A
灰斑鸠 - Streptopelia decaocto (Collared Dove) A
欧斑鸠 - Streptopelia turtur (w:Turtle Dove) A
金背鸠 - Streptopelia orientalis (w:Oriental Turtle Dove) A
哀鸽 - Zenaida macroura' (w:Mourning Dove) A

鹦形目 Psittaciformes

鹦鹉科 Psittacidae

红领绿鹦鹉 - Psittacula krameri (Ring-necked Parakeet) C

鹃形目 Cuculiformes

杜鹃科 Cuculidae

大凤头鹃 - Clamator glandarius (w:Great Spotted Cuckoo) A
大杜鹃 - Cuculus canorus (w:Common Cuckoo) A
黑嘴美洲鹃 - Coccyzus erythropthalmus (w:Black-billed Cuckoo) A
黄嘴美洲鹃 - Coccyzus americanus (w:Yellow-billed Cuckoo) A

鸮形目 Strigiformes

草鸮科 Tytonidae

仓鸮 - Tyto alba (w:Barn Owl) A

鸱鸮科 Strigidae

角鸮 - Otus scops (Scops Owl) A
雪鸮 - Bubo scandiacus (w:Snowy Owl) A
猛鸮 - Surnia ulula (w:Northern Hawk Owl) A
纵纹腹小鸮 - Athene noctua (w:Little Owl) C
灰林鸮 - Strix aluco (w:Tawny Owl) A
长耳鸮 - Asio otus (w:Long-eared Owl) A
短耳鸮 - Asio flammeus (w:Short-eared Owl) A
鬼鸮 - Aegolius funereus (w:Tengmalm's Owl) A

夜鹰目 Caprimulgiformes

夜鹰科 Caprimulgidae

欧夜鹰 - Caprimulgus europaeus (w:European Nightjar) A
红颈夜鹰 - Caprimulgus ruficollis (w:Red-necked Nightjar) A
埃及夜鹰 - Caprimulgus aegyptius (w:Egyptian Nightjar) A
美洲夜鹰 - Chordeiles minor (w:Common Nighthawk) A

雨燕目 Apodiformes

雨燕科 Apodidae

烟囱刺尾雨燕 - Chaetura pelagica (w:Chimney Swift) A
白喉针尾雨燕 - Hirundapus caudacutus (Needle-tailed Swift) A
普通楼燕 - Apus apus (w:Common Swift) A
苍雨燕 - Apus pallidus (w:Pallid Swift) A
叉尾雨燕 - Apus pacificus (w:Pacific Swift) A
高山雨燕 - Apus melba (w:Alpine Swift) A
小白腰雨燕 - Apus affinis (w:Little Swift) A

佛法僧目 Coraciiformes

翠鸟科 Alcedinidae

翠鸟 - Alcedo atthis (w:European Kingfisher) A
带鱼狗 - Ceryle alcyon (w:Belted Kingfisher) A

蜂虎科 Meropidae

蓝颊蜂虎 - Merops persicus (w:Blue-cheeked Bee-eater) A
黄喉蜂虎 - Merops apiaster (w:European Bee-eater) A

佛法僧科 Coraciidae

蓝胸佛法僧 - Coracias garrulus (w:European Roller) A

戴胜科 Upupidae

戴胜 - Upupa epops (w:Hoopoe) A

䴕形目 Piciformes

啄木鸟科 Picidae

地啄木 - Jynx torquilla (w:Eurasian Wryneck) A
普通绿啄木 - Picus viridis (w:Green Woodpecker) A
黄腹吸汁啄木 - Sphyrapicus varius (w:Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) A
大斑啄木鸟 - Dendrocopos major (w:Great Spotted Woodpecker) A
小斑啄木鸟 - Dendrocopos minor (w:Lesser Spotted Woodpecker) A

雀形目 Passeriformes

霸鹟科 Tyrannidae

东菲比霸鹟 - Sayornis phoebe (w:Eastern Phoebe) A

百灵科 Alaudidae

草原百灵 - Melanocorypha calandra (w:Calandra Lark) A
二斑百灵 - Melanocorypha bimaculata (w:Bimaculated Lark) A
白翅百灵 - Melanocorypha leucoptera (w:White-winged Lark) A
黑百灵 - Melanocorypha yeltoniensis (w:Black Lark) A
Calandrella brachydactyla (w:Greater Short-toed Lark) A
小短趾百灵 - Calandrella rufescens (w:Lesser Short-toed Lark) A
凤头百灵 - Galerida cristata (w:Crested Lark) A
木百灵 - Lullula arborea (Wood Lark) A
欧亚云雀 - Alauda arvensis (w:Skylark) A
角百灵 - Eremophila alpestris (w:Shore Lark) A

燕科 Hirundinidae

双色树燕 - Tachycineta bicolor (w:Tree Swallow) A
灰沙燕 - Riparia riparia (w:Sand Martin) A
岩燕 - Ptyonoprogne rupestris (w:Crag Martin) A
紫崖燕 - Progne subis (w:Purple Martin) A
家燕 - Hirundo rustica (w:Barn Swallow) A
金腰燕 - Hirundo daurica (w:Red-rumped Swallow) A
红石燕 - Hirundo pyrrhonota (w:Cliff Swallow) A
白腹毛脚燕 - Delichon urbicum (w:House Martin) A

鹡鸰科 Motacillidae

黄头鹡鸰 - Motacilla citreola (w:Citrine Wagtail) A
白鹡鸰 - Motacilla alba (w:White Wagtail) A
M. a. alba
M. a. yarrelli (Pied Wagtail)
灰鹡鸰 - Motacilla cinerea (w:Grey Wagtail) A
黄鹡鸰 - Motacilla flava (w:Blue-headed Wagtail) A
M. f. flavissima (Yellow Wagtail) is the breeding form
大花鹨 - Anthus richardi (w:Richard's Pipit) A
平原鹨 - Anthus campestris (w:Tawny Pipit) A
布莱氏鹨 - Anthus godlewskii (w:Blyth's Pipit) A
林鹨 - Anthus trivialis (w:Tree Pipit) A
树鹨 - Anthus hodgsoni (w:Olive-backed Pipit) A
白背鹨 - Anthus gustavi (w:Pechora Pipit) A
草地鹨 - Anthus pratensis (w:Meadow Pipit) A
赤喉鹨 - Anthus cervinus (w:Red-throated Pipit) A
小水鹨 - Anthus spinoletta (w:Water Pipit) A
岩鹨 - Anthus petrosus (w:Rock Pipit) A
黄腹鹨 - Anthus rubescens (w:Buff-bellied Pipit) A

连雀科 Bombycillidae

太平鸟 - Bombycilla garrulus (w:Bohemian Waxwing) A
雪松太平鸟 - Bombycilla cedrorum (w:Cedar Waxwing) A

河乌科 Cinclidae

河乌 - Cinclus cinclus (European Dipper) A

鹪鹩科 Troglodytidae

鹪鹩 - Troglodytes troglodytes (Wren) A

嘲鸫科 Mimidae

小嘲鸫 - Mimus polyglottos (w:Northern Mockingbird) A
褐矢嘲鸫 - Toxostoma rufum (w:Brown Thrasher) A ※只有一次记录
灰猫嘲鸫 - Dumetella carolinensis (w:Gray Catbird) A ※只有一次记录

岩鹨科 Prunellidae

林岩鹨 - Prunella modularis (w:Dunnock) A
领岩鹨 - Prunella collaris (w:Alpine Accentor) A

鸫科 Turdidae

黑鸫 - Turdus merula (w:Blackbird) A
环颈鸫 - Turdus torquatus (w:Ring Ouzel) A
白眉鸫 - Turdus obscurus (w:Eyebrowed Thrush) A
Turdus atrogularis (w:Dark-throated Thrush) A
T. a. atrogularis (Black-throated Thrush) A
T.a. ruficollis (Red-throated Thrush) A
红尾鸫 - Turdus naumanni (w:Dusky Thrush) A
T. n. naumanni (w:Naumann's Thrush) A
T. n. eunomus (Dusky Thrush) A
田鸫 - Turdus pilaris (w:Fieldfare) A
白眉歌鸫 - Turdus iliacus (w:Redwing) A
欧歌鸫 - Turdus philomelos (w:Song Thrush) A
槲鸫 - Turdus viscivorus (w:Mistle Thrush) A
旅鸫 - Turdus migratorius (w:American Robin) A
白眉地鸫 - Zoothera sibirica (w:Siberian Thrush) A
虎鸫 - Zoothera dauma (w:White's Thrush) A
杂色地鸫 - Zoothera naevia (w:Varied Thrush) A ※只有一次记录
棕色夜鸫 - Catharus fuscescens (w:Veery) A
灰颊夜鸫 - Catharus minimus (w:Gray-cheeked Thrush) A
斯温氏夜鸫 - Catharus ustulatus (w:Swainson's Thrush) A
隐士夜鸫 - Catharus guttatus (w:Hermit Thrush) A
黄褐森鸫 - Hylocichla mustelina (w:Wood Thrush) A
白背矶鸫 - Monticola saxatilis (Rock Thrush) A
蓝矶鸫 - Monticola solitarius (w:Blue Rock-Thrush) A
棕薮鸲 - Cercotrichas galactotes (w:Rufous Bush Robin) A
蓝喉鸲 - Luscinia svecica (w:Bluethroat) A
野鸲 - Luscinia calliope (w:Siberian Rubythroat) A
红尾歌鸲 - Luscinia sibilans (w:Rufous-tailed Robin) A
欧歌鸲 - Luscinia luscinia (w:Thrush Nightingale) A
新疆歌鸲 - Luscinia megarhynchos (w:Nightingale) A
蓝歌鸲 - Luscinia cyanea (w:Siberian Blue Robin) A
红胁蓝尾鸲 - Tarsiger cyanurus (w:Red-flanked Bluetail) A
欧亚歌鸲 - Erithacus rubecula (w:European Robin) A
白喉鸲 - Irania gutturalis (w:White-throated Robin) A
Saxicola rubicola (w:European Stonechat) A
Saxicola maura (w:Siberian Stonechat) A
草原石即鸟 - Saxicola rubetra (w:Whinchat) A
穗即鸟 - Oenanthe oenanthe (w:Northern Wheatear) A
沙即鸟 - Oenanthe isabellina (w:Isabelline Wheatear) A
漠即鸟 - Oenanthe deserti (w:Desert Wheatear) A
白顶即鸟 - Oenanthe hispanica (w:Black-eared Wheatear) A
斑即鸟 - Oenanthe pleschanka (w:Pied Wheatear) A
白腰即鸟 - Oenanthe leucopyga (w:White-crowned Wheatear) A
赭红尾鸲 - Phoenicurus ochruros (w:Black Redstart) A
欧亚红尾鸲 - Phoenicurus phoenicurus (w:Common Redstart) A
摩氏红尾鸲 - Phoenicurus moussieri (w:Moussier's Redstart) A

鸦科 Corvidae

小嘴鸦 - Corvus corone (w:Carrion Crow) A
渡鸦 - Corvus corax (w:Common Raven) A
Corvus cornix (w:Hooded Crow) A
寒鸦 - Corvus monedula (w:Jackdaw) A
秃鼻鸦 - Corvus frugilegus (Rook) A
松鸦 - Garrulus glandarius (w:Eurasian Jay) A
红嘴山鸦 - Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax (w:Chough) A
喜鹊 - Pica pica (w:European Magpie) A
星鸦 - Nucifraga caryocatactes (w:Spotted Nutcracker) A

莺科 Sylviidae

宽尾树莺 - Cettia cetti (w:Cetti's Warbler) A
茅斑蝗莺 - Locustella lanceolata (w:Lanceolated Warbler) A
黑斑蝗莺 - Locustella naevia (w:Grasshopper Warbler) A
小蝗莺 - Locustella certhiola (w:Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler) A
河蝗莺 - Locustella fluviatilis (w:River Warbler) A
鸲蝗莺 - Locustella luscinioides (w:Savi's Warbler) A
水栖苇莺 - Acrocephalus paludicola (w:Aquatic Warbler) A
水蒲苇莺 - Acrocephalus schoenobaenus (w:Sedge Warbler) A
稻田苇莺 - Acrocephalus agricola (w:Paddyfield Warbler) A
芦苇莺 - Acrocephalus scirpaceus (w:Reed Warbler) A
布氏苇莺 - Acrocephalus dumetorum (w:Blyth's Reed Warbler) A
湿地苇莺 - Acrocephalus palustris (w:Marsh Warbler) A
大苇莺 - Acrocephalus arundinaceus (w:Great Reed Warbler) A
厚嘴芦莺 - Acrocephalus aedon (w:Thick-billed Warbler) A
靴篱莺 - Hippolais caligata (w:Booted Warbler) A
赛氏篱莺 - Hippolais rama (Sykes' Warbler) A
草绿篱莺 - Hippolais pallida (w:Eastern Olivaceous Warbler) A
Hippolais opaca (w:Western Olivaceous Warbler) A
优音篱莺 - Hippolais polyglotta (w:Melodious Warbler) A
绿篱莺 - Hippolais icterina (w:Icterine Warbler) A
欧柳莺 - Phylloscopus trochilus (w:Willow Warbler) A
棕柳莺 - Phylloscopus collybita (w:Common Chiffchaff) A
Phylloscopus brehmii (w:Iberian Chiffchaff) A
博尼氏柳莺 - Phylloscopus bonelli (w:Western Bonelli's Warbler) A
Phylloscopus orientalis (w:Eastern Bonelli's Warbler) A
林柳莺 - Phylloscopus sibilatrix (w:Wood Warbler) A
褐色柳莺 - Phylloscopus fuscatus (w:Dusky Warbler) A
巨嘴柳莺 - Phylloscopus schwarzi (w:Radde's Warbler) A
黄腰柳莺 - Phylloscopus proregulus (w:Pallas's Warbler) A
黄眉柳莺 - Phylloscopus inornatus (w:Yellow-browed Warbler) A
Phylloscopus humei (w:Hume's Warbler) A
极北柳莺 - Phylloscopus borealis (w:Arctic Warbler) A
暗绿柳莺 - Phylloscopus trochiloides (w:Greenish Warbler) A
黑顶林莺 - Sylvia atricapilla (w:Blackcap) A
园林莺 - Sylvia borin (w:Garden Warbler) A
灰白喉林莺 - Sylvia communis (w:Whitethroat) A
白喉林莺 - Sylvia curruca (w:Lesser Whitethroat) A
漠地林莺 - Sylvia nana (Asian Desert Warbler) A
横斑林莺 - Sylvia nisoria (w:Barred Warbler) A
动听林莺 - Sylvia hortensis (w:Orphean Warbler) A
鲁普氏林莺 - Sylvia rueppelli (w:Rüppell's Warbler) A
亚高山林莺 - Sylvia cantillans (w:Subalpine Warbler) A
黑头林莺 - Sylvia melanocephala (w:Sardinian Warbler) A
眼眶林莺 - Sylvia conspicillata (w:Spectacled Warbler) A
波纹林莺 - Sylvia undata (w:Dartford Warbler) A
马默氏林莺 - Sylvia sarda (w:Marmora's Warbler) A
棕扇尾莺 - Cisticola juncidis (w:Zitting Cisticola) A

戴菊科 Regulidae

戴菊 - Regulus regulus (w:Goldcrest) A
火冠戴菊 - Regulus ignicapillus (w:Firecrest) A

鹟科 Muscicapidae

斑鹟 - Muscicapa striata (w:Spotted Flycatcher) A
斑姬鹟 - Ficedula hypoleuca (Pied Flycatcher) A
白领姬鹟 - Ficedula albicollis (w:Collared Flycatcher) A
红喉鹟 - Ficedula parva (w:Red-breasted Flycatcher) A
Ficedula albicilla (w:Taiga Flycatcher) A

鹦嘴科 Paradoxornithidae

文须雀 - Panurus biarmicus (w:Bearded Tit) A

长尾山雀科 Aegithalidae

Aegithalos longicaudus (w:Long-tailed Tit) A

攀雀科 Remizidae

攀雀 - Remiz pendulinus (w:Penduline Tit) A

山雀科 Paridae

沼泽山雀 - Parus palustris (w:Marsh Tit) A
褐头山雀 - Parus montana (w:Willow Tit) A
煤山雀 - Parus ater (w:Coal Tit) A
凤头山雀 - Parus cristatus (w:Crested Tit) A
白颊山雀 - Parus major (w:Great Tit) A
青山雀 - Parus caeruleus (w:Blue Tit) A
Tichodromadidae
红翅旋壁雀 - Tichodroma muraria (w:Wallcreeper) A

䴓科 Sittidae

茶腹䴓 - Sitta europaea (w:Eurasian Nuthatch) A
红胸䴓 - Sitta canadensis (w:Red-breasted Nuthatch) A

旋木雀科 Certhiidae

旋木雀 - Certhia familiaris (w:Common Treecreeper) A
短趾旋木雀 - Certhia brachydactyla (w:Short-toed Treecreeper) A

伯劳科 Laniidae

灰伯劳 - Lanius excubitor (w:Great Grey Shrike) A
南灰伯劳 - Lanius meridionalis (w:Southern Grey Shrike) A
黑额伯劳 - Lanius minor (w:Lesser Grey Shrike) A
红背伯劳 - Lanius collurio (w:Red-backed Shrike) A
荒漠伯劳 - Lanius isabellinus (w:Isabelline Shrike) A
林即鸟伯劳 - Lanius senator (w:Woodchat Shrike) A
云斑伯劳 - Lanius nubicus (w:Masked Shrike) A
棕背伯劳 - Lanius schach (w:Long-tailed Shrike) A
红尾伯劳 - Lanius cristatus (w:Brown Shrike) A

鹀科 Emberizidae

黄鹀 - Emberiza citrinella (w:Yellowhammer) A
白头鹀 - Emberiza leucocephalos (w:Pine Bunting) A
黄道眉鹀 - Emberiza cirlus (w:Cirl Bunting) A
淡灰眉岩鹀 - Emberiza cia (w:Rock Bunting) A
圃鹀 - Emberiza hortulana (w:Ortolan Bunting) A
蓝头圃鹀 - Emberiza caesia (w:Cretzschmar's Bunting) A
小鹀 - Emberiza pusilla (w:Little Bunting) A
黄眉鹀 - Emberiza chrysophrys (w:Yellow-browed Bunting) A
田鹀 - Emberiza rustica (w:Rustic Bunting) A
金鹀 - Emberiza aureola (w:Yellow-breasted Bunting)
黑脸鹀 - Emberiza spodocephala (w:Black-faced Bunting) A
黑头鹀 - Emberiza melanocephala (w:Black-headed Bunting) A
苇鹀 - Emberiza pallasi (w:Pallas' Reed Bunting) A
芦鹀 - Emberiza schoeniclus (w:Reed Bunting) A
黍鹀 - Miliaria calandra (w:Corn Bunting) A
雪鹀 - Plectrophenax nivalis (w:Snow Bunting) A
铁爪鹀 - Calcarius lapponicus (w:Lapland Bunting) A
棕肋唧鹀 - Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Rufous-sided Towhee) A
鹨雀 - Chondestes grammacus (w:Lark Sparrow) A
歌带鹀 - Melospiza melodia (w:Song Sparrow) A
白冠带鹀 - Zonotrichia leucophrys (w:White-crowned Sparrow) A
白喉带鹀 - Zonotrichia albicollis (w:White-throated Sparrow) A
灰蓝灯草鹀 - Junco hyemalis (w:Dark-eyed Junco) A
玫胸白翅斑雀 - Pheucticus ludovicianus (w:Rose-breasted Grosbeak) A
靛蓝彩鹀 - Passerina cyanea (w:Indigo Bunting) A
稀树美洲草鹀 - Passerculus sandwichensis (w:Savannah Sparrow) A

裸鼻雀科 Thraupidae

猩红比蓝雀 - Piranga olivacea (w:Scarlet Tanager) A
玫红比蓝雀 - Piranga rubra (w:Summer Tanager) A ※只有一次记录

绿鹃科 Vireonidae

黄喉绿鹃 - Vireo flavifrons (w:Yellow-throated Vireo) A
费城绿鹃 - Vireo philadelphicus (w:Philadelphia Vireo) A
红眼绿鹃 - Vireo olivaceus (w:Red-eyed Vireo) A

林莺科 Parulidae

金翅虫森莺 - Vermivora chrysoptera (w:Golden-winged Warbler) A
灰绿虫森莺 - Vermivora peregrina (w:Tennessee Warbler) A
北森莺 - Parula americana (w:Northern Parula) A
黄色林莺 - Dendroica petechia (w:Yellow Warbler) A
栗肋林莺 - Dendroica pensylvanica (w:Chestnut-sided Warbler) A
黑纹胸林莺 - Dendroica magnolia (w:Magnolia Warbler) A
栗颊林莺 - Dendroica tigrina (w:Cape May Warbler) A
黄腰白喉林莺 - Dendroica coronata (w:Yellow-rumped Warbler) A
橙胸林莺 - Dendroica fusca (w:Blackburnian Warbler) A
栗胸林莺 - Dendroica castanea (w:Bay-breasted Warbler) A
黑顶白颊林莺 - Dendroica striata (w:Blackpoll Warbler) A
黑白苔莺 - Mniotilta varia (w:Black-and-white Warbler) A
橙尾鸲莺 - Setophaga ruticilla (w:American Redstart) A
橙顶灶鸫 - Seiurus aurocapillus (w:Ovenbird) A
黄眉水鸫 - Seiurus noveboracensis (w:Northern Waterthrush) A
普通黄喉地莺 - Geothlypis trichas (w:Common Yellowthroat) A
黑枕威尔逊森莺 - Wilsonia citrina (w:Hooded Warbler) A
黑头威尔逊森莺 - Wilsonia pusilla (w:Wilson's Warbler) A

拟黄鹂科 Icteridae

长刺歌雀 - Dolichonyx oryzivorus (w:Bobolink) A
褐头牛鹂 - Molothrus ater (w:Brown-headed Cowbird) A
橙腹拟黄鹂 - Icterus galbula (w:Baltimore Oriole) A

雀科 Fringillidae

苍头燕雀 - Fringilla coelebs (w:Chaffinch) A
花雀 - Fringilla montifringilla (w:Brambling) A
松雀 - Pinicola enucleator (w:Pine Grosbeak) A
普通朱雀 - Carpodacus erythrinus (w:Common Rosefinch) A
鹦交嘴雀 - Loxia pytyopsittacus (w:Parrot Crossbill) A
苏格兰交嘴雀 - Loxia scotica (w:Scottish Crossbill) A ※特有种
红交嘴雀 - Loxia curvirostra (w:Common Crossbill) A
白翅交嘴雀 - Loxia leucoptera (w:Two-barred Crossbill) A
金翅 - Carduelis chloris (w:European Greenfinch) A
普通朱顶雀 - Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll) A
Carduelis cabaret (Lesser Redpoll) A
极北朱顶雀 - Carduelis hornemanni (Arctic Redpoll) A
黄雀 - Carduelis spinus (w:Eurasian Siskin) A
红额金翅 - Carduelis carduelis (w:European Goldfinch) A
黄嘴朱顶雀 - Carduelis flavirostris (w:Twite) A
赤胸朱顶雀 - Carduelis cannabina (w:Eurasian Linnet) A
金丝雀 - Serinus serinus (w:European Serin) A
红腹灰雀 - Pyrrhula pyrrhula (w:Eurasian Bullfinch) A
锡嘴雀 - Coccothraustes coccothraustes (w:Hawfinch) A
黄昏蜡嘴雀 - Coccothraustes vespertinus (w:Evening Grosbeak) A
沙雀 - Rhodopechys githaginea (w:Trumpeter Finch) A

文鸟科 Ploceidae

家麻雀 - Passer domesticus (w:House Sparrow) A
黑胸麻雀 - Passer hispaniolensis (w:Spanish Sparrow) A
麻雀 - Passer montanus (w:Eurasian Tree Sparrow) A
石雀 - Petronia petronia (w:Rock Sparrow) A

椋鸟科 Sturnidae

粉红椋鸟 - Sturnus roseus (w:Rosy Starling) A
欧洲椋鸟 - Sturnus vulgaris (w:Common Starling) A

黄鹂科 Oriolidae

金黄鹂 - Oriolus oriolus (w:Golden Oriole) A