的湿地与湖泊快要干涸了。随之而来的还有这个国家的某些鸟类也要消失了。在过去二十年鸟类的总数现下降百分之五十。按照位于安卡拉的海斯特普大学生物学教授奥哈米•克孜罗鲁的说法,在经常观测到的鸟类中有高达百分之七十面临灭绝的危险。

Turkey's wetlands and lakes are drying up and with them the nation's bird species are also disappearing. Total bird counts have dropped 50 percent in the past 20 years and now up to 70 percent of the bird species regularly observed in Turkey are threatened with extinction according to 0lhami Kizirolu a professor of biology at Ankara's Hacettepe University.

A total of 435 different bird species can be found in Turkey "including those that reproduce in Turkey and those that visit the country during the winter " Kizirolu told the Anatolia News Agency. "Ninety-five species will have significant decreases in their numbers while 101 species face possible extinction."

可以在发现的鸟类总数多达435种之多。“包括在繁殖的本土鸟类,还有到该国过冬的候鸟”克孜罗鲁告诉安娜托利亚新闻通讯社说,“有九十五种鸟的数量将会急剧减少,然而另有一百零一种鸟可能面临灭绝。

Because many of these birds are migratory and don't recognize national borders most of these Turkish bird species can be found in other parts of Europe Asia and Africa and may maintain healthy populations elsewhere. Turkey however has historically been an important breeding or wintering location and the loss of suitable habitat there can affect species's total health.

因为这些鸟中的大多数都是候鸟,所以分辨不出其国别,大多数土耳其鸟也可以在欧洲、亚洲和非洲的其他地方看到,在其他地方也可能有保持健康种群的存在。然而土耳其在历史上曾经是鸟类的一个重要的繁殖地和越冬地,在那儿缺乏适合的栖息地可能会影响种群的整体健康。

For example "one seventh of the European population of the white-headed duck exists in Turkey " Kizirolu said. The duck (Oxyura leucocephala) which is listed as an endangered species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species winters in Turkey's Lake Burdur. But Kizirolu says the duck "is threatened by the level of industrial waste and the decreasing water levels in the lake." According to BirdLife InternationalLake Burdur is "very important for wintering water birds and is the single most important wintering site" for the white-headed duck—two thirds of its world population spends winter there.

克孜罗举例说:“欧洲白头翁种群数量的七分之一生活在土耳其。”在土耳其布尔杜尔湖越冬的这种鸟(合欢类),被国际自然与自然资源保护联盟(IUCN)当成濒危物种列入濒危物种清单。但是克孜罗说“这种鸟除了受到了当地的工业废弃物的排放度的影响外,还受到这个湖泊中水位的下降度的影响。”根据国际鸟类组织的说法,布尔达尔湖“对于来此越冬的水鸟来说是非常重要的,而对于白头翁来说该湖是最重要的越冬地”——全世界三分之二的白头鸟来此地越冬。

Species that have already disappeared from Turkey include the oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster) and critically endangered northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita) the latter of which now only breeds in captivity.

在土耳其已经消失的物种包括东方飞鱼(Anhinga melanogast),濒临灭绝的物种有秃头朱鹭等(Geronticus eremita)(注:可翻译为——鸟类网),秃头朱鹭现在只有在囚笼中繁殖的份了。

Another species at risk in Turkey is the eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca) which according to the IUCN has already stopped breeding in nearby Greece.

在土耳其岌岌可危的另一物种是“东方帝鹰”(Aquila helica)(注: Eastern Imperial Eagle,应翻译为——鸟类网),按照国际自然与自然保护联盟的说法,东方帝鹰在临近的希腊已经停止繁衍。

土耳其70%的鸟类濒临灭绝

(鸟类网配图)

Kizirolu is calling on Turkish authorities to stop draining the country's wetlands.

克孜罗呼吁土耳其停止为了其他目的排干湿地里的水。

【原文链接】译言网 (此文不得转载)